Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplant Center
18.05.2022

What is bone marrow transplant? Why it is performed?

Bone Marrow is located in the long bones, containing hematopoietic stem cells inside. Stem cell transplant is a recommended treatment option for diseases such as Acute Myeloid Leukemia which doesn't have the expected outcome of the administrated treatments Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, bone marrow failure (severe aplastic anemia), immune deficiency, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Neuroblastoma.

 

Healthy cells can be transplanted from one to another (allogeneic) or the autologous cells of an individual can be collected, frozen first and infused into to the individual afterwards during bone marrow or stem cell transplant. Healthy relatives or unrelated donors matched with HLA typing, cord blood or half-matched mother-father-child or brothers can be utilized as allogeneic stem cell source. Autologous stem cell source is the individual himself/herself.

General Information About The Unit

Bone Marrow Transplant (transplantation) Unit consists of 16 rooms, having a unique ventilation system and protection conditions. Air flows as positive pressure inside the rooms (it can be converted from positive pressure to negative pressure when required) and it is cleaned by a system with  High efficiency particulate absorption (HEPA) Filter continuously. It is not allowed for patients to go out of the room and unit.

Hospitalization time varies between 30 and 45 days. This time period shows change depending on the type of transplant, individual and disease. Only one companion is allowed for each patient in the unit in our country. The companions are trained in washing their hands when they enter the room, putting their masks and avoiding the unit in the presence of upper respiratory tract infection onset before transplant. One person is always ready for replacement if the companion becomes sick. BMT (Bone Marrow Transplant) Unit staff start to work in the unit after they complete the necessary in service trainings.


How can I go through examination?

 

Patients to be bone marrow transplanted are referred to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANT Council after their preliminary investigation by the related departments in the hospital such as Hematology, Oncology, Immunology and Metabolism or the related departments of the other hospitals. Follow-up and treatment of the patients who are decided to be transplanted are carried out by Bone Marrow Transplant (KİT) Polyclinic after transplant procedures are completed.