Menopause is the characterised period of women's life when menstrual flow is ended. Ovarian reserve diminishes by mid-forties, causing a decrease in reproduction potential first, following irregular periods. Approximately between 49-51 years old, periods are ended. It is characterized as early or abnormal if it occurs before 40 years old. It means that ovary functions are ended with consequently significant hormonal changes. Menopause is an inevitable and unavoidable process, but natural and physiological as the nature of life at the same time.

It is characterized as abnormal if it occurs before 40 years old. Low Female Sex Hormones (estrogen and progsterone) which are produced from ovaries may cause irregular periods, heavy or light bleeding, increase or decrease in bleeding frequency and pregnancy potential substantially goes down. Menopause occurs in the end by menstrual cycles stopped for at least six months.


Menopause diagnosis is made by the respective specialist based on clinical indications and hormone tests. The best treatment of vasomotor symptoms such as pyrexia, perspiration, anxieties is hormone replacement therapy, meaning regular hormone medication taken. Such treatments can be applied to risk-free patients who are under close follow-up for a particular period of time. Local medication to be applied is beneficial for vaginal dryness and irritation complaints. Hormone medicine is effective for osteoporosis disease in which we define bone thinning, but there are various effective treatment options for bone metabolism exist on this subject and those constitute the principal treatment nowadays. What we perform currently is bone density measurement tests and the treatments are aimed at increasing bone density, however action and exercise are indispensable for bone health.


Patients who don't menstruate for at least one year can apply to the unit.


All types of bleeding in menopause are abnormal and it requires investigation seriously. In this scenario, it is essential to apply to a maternity physician without delay. During menopause, women are advised to undergo gynecological check-up; vagina, uterine cervix must be examined, smear (histological cervical cancer screening test) must be performed, uterus especially the inner layer called endometrium and ovaries must be evaluated by transvaginal ultrasound, urinary problems, if any, must be investigated and treated, blood lipids and blood sugar measurement with hormone profile must be performed under general health screening, mammography scan must be performed based on breast diseases and bone measurement in terms of bone thinning. Yearly check-ups as above are aimed for early diagnosis and treatment of the significant problems threatening women's health in that period of time.